Literacy development

5K) Content-based writing assignments

Provide writing assignments that are content-based and help develop academic language as well as writing skills. (elementary only)

Video: Using Reciprocal Teaching to Engage 3rd-Grade Readers

This video shows Multilingual Learners in a 3rd-grade classroom engaged in reciprocal teaching. This small group interaction helps structure student-led discussions about a text and bolster reading comprehension.
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Video: Integrating ELD Instruction Using Text Reconstruction

This is a 2nd-grade lesson of the text reconstruction ELD strategy, designed to provide access and practice in both English and content instruction. This strategy encourages Multilingual Learners to communicate as they engage with informational text.
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Strategy Overview: Helping Emergent Bilinguals Become Confident Writers

When sufficient supports and intentional instruction are in place, Multilingual Learners can develop into confident writers. In these resources, teachers can read about the dos and don'ts of writing instruction for Multilingual Learners.
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Website Article: Culture & Writing With the Common Core- Considerations for English Learners (Part 2)

This article introduces instructional ideas and specific supports that teachers can use to integrate culture into Multilingual Learners' writing to build confidence and motivation.
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Website Article: Writing With the Common Core- Considerations for English Learners (Part 1)

This article introduces instructional ideas and specific supports that can help Multilingual Learners access writing across different genres to meet the requirements of Common Core State Standards.
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Strategy Overview: Juicy Sentence Guidance

This document reviews a strategy to help Multilingual Learners access complex text through the study of a mentor sentence. After selecting a "juicy" sentence, the teacher facilitates explicit discussion about the language structure, word choice, and layers of meaning found in the example.
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Podcast: Writing Matters with Dr. Troy Hicks ft. Andrea Honigsfeld & Maria Dove

This episode features a discussion about process-oriented writing with Multilingual Learners. The presenters mention studying the craft of writing, looking at mentor texts, using specific language supports, and using culturally relevant writing prompts.
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Webinar: Supporting English Learner Students in the Early Grades

This link includes two webinars that share practical strategies for teachers to support the literacy and language development of Multilingual Learners in the early grades. The first webinar is "Scaffolding Emergent Reading, Oral Language, and Writing for Dual Language Learners/English Learners in PreK–1st Grade," and the second is "Language & Literacy Development in PreK–1st Grade: Words and More."
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Video: Integrated Thematic Unit- 3rd grade

This video provides a rich opportunity to look inside a classroom and note the intentional supports for English language and literacy development embedded in a thematic unit of study. The teacher implements a Daily 5 structure, which allows Multilingual Learners to learn both academic language and content across multiple modalities and learning activities.
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Strategy Overview: Shared Research Projects/Los proyectos de investigación compartidos

The Shared Research Project strategy is typically implemented midway through a thematic unit of study. The teacher preselects relevant topics and intentionally groups students into small research teams to research, take notes using supports like graphic organizers, and ultimately produce a piece of collaborative writing.
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Strategy Overview: Sentence Patterning Chart/La tabla de formación de oraciones

This resource introduces a strategy to model and write good descriptive sentences with Multilingual Learners. It combines language-based supports with opportunities for children to practice academic vocabulary and apply it to structured, content-based writing.
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Strategy Overview: Cooperative Strip Paragraph

This shared writing technique structures support for Multilingual Learners in content-based, academic writing. The cooperative learning structure offers students the chance to engage in the writing process in small groups with same language or English proficient peers.
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