Literacy development

5I) Write in each language

Practice developmentally appropriate writing activities (e.g., pre-writing in preschool) in each language

Video: My Pumpkin Story—Metalinguistic Awareness

A teacher works with Wendy to orally discuss and write a story about a recent pumpkin project. When the teacher asks Wendy to take her writing home, the interaction changes to Spanish so Wendy can talk to her Spanish-speaking mother about her project.
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Video: Engaging with Text and Narrative

This video begins by highlighting chants, songs, and intentional conversation that teachers facilitate to help young Multilingual Learners (MLs) to develop oral language. Further examples demonstrate how oral language can then transfer to written language and early reading opportunities. It is important for MLs to use developing literacy skills in authentic, print-rich learning contexts, where they feel ownership for their learning and knowledge.
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Video: Model Curriculum for English Learners – Historical Perspectives (3rd grade)

An ELD teacher shares how she uses language objectives to design instruction for intermediate-level Multilingual Learners.
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Blog: Equity Measures in Dual Language Education – Separation of Language

This blog makes the research-based case that language separation is a "non-negotiable" in a dual language program. Giving students access to content in their native language is a key component of accelerating achievement for Multilingual Learners.
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Strategy Overview: Helping Emergent Bilinguals Become Confident Writers

When sufficient supports and intentional instruction are in place, Multilingual Learners can develop into confident writers. In these resources, teachers can read about the dos and don'ts of writing instruction for Multilingual Learners.
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Checklist: Supporting Emergent Bilingual Children in Early Learning

This checklist provides teachers with several strategies to support Multilingual Learners by providing students with a rich classroom environment that builds their home language and English skills. This resource encourages teachers to consider how to add labels, images, culturally relevant materials to the classroom for children to engage with. This checklist also provides a list of extra resources to learn more about supporting bilingualism, and is available in Spanish and Chinese.
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Website: Teacher Interactions and Strategies to Support Writing for Dual Language Learners

This resource provides a list of strategies that teachers can use to support Multilingual Learners’ early writing skills. Strategies include providing developmentally appropriate writing activities in each language.
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Video: Transfer and Integrated ELD in a Bilingual Classroom

The teacher in this bilingual classroom makes an intentional plan to develop literacy and oral language skills in two languages. She begins content instruction in Spanish to strengthen Multilingual Learners' understanding of key concepts, and then purposefully transitions to an integrated ELD block to offer speaking and writing practice in English.
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Strategy Overview: Super Duper Sentence Builder

This resource describes the purpose and implementation process of the Super Duper Sentence Builder strategy with Multilingual Learners. Teachers provide developmentally appropriate writing activities and language-based supports by creating and writing increasingly complex sentences with children.
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Strategy Overview: Draw and Dictate

In this strategy, a child draws a picture of their observation or idea, and then the teacher writes down the child's verbal explanation. This supports children's understanding of sound-text correspondence, helps them see themselves as authors, and can be used as a formative assessment.
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Video: Super Duper Sentence Builder

This video provides guidance on how to use the Super Duper Sentence Builder strategy with Multilingual Learners. Teachers provide developmentally appropriate writing activities and language-based supports by creating and writing increasingly complex sentences with children.
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