Literacy development

5B) Letter identification and letter-sound awareness

Help children identify letters and develop awareness of letter-sound connections (i.e., phonics); (relevant for letter-based writing systems only).

Video: Standards for Mathematical Practices in Transitional Kindergarten

A teacher discusses how she integrates literacy and language instruction into a mathematical story problem using a "Secret Message" strategy.
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Blog: Connecting the Ingredients of Language and Literacy for DLLs

This resource discusses the importance of supporting Multilingual Learners’ oral language and literacy skills in an integrated way, rather than focusing on one skill alone.
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Website Article: What Research Says About Small Group Intervention

This article summarizes research and discussed how to use assessment to inform strategic groupings for Multilingual Learners, particularly for reading instruction.
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Online Module: Systematic Instruction on Phonics and Sound-Symbol Relationships

Teachers can review phonics concepts and instructional ideas that are specific to Multilingual Learners. This page is linked to a larger set of online learning modules on other K-3rd literacy concepts for diverse learners.
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Tip Sheet: Name Song

This resource provides guidance for teachers around creating a name song for each child in the classroom. Name songs can help children to identify letters and develop an awareness of letter-sound connections.
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Tip Sheet: Picture Dictionary-1st grade

This resource describes how to build picture dictionaries with children to help them identify letters and develop an awareness of letter-sound connections. In picture dictionaries, teachers can write out vocabulary words with children and use a picture or realia (e.g., an object) to visually represent the words.
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Tip Sheet: Picture Dictionary- Kindergarten

This resource describes how to build picture dictionaries with children to help them identify letters and develop an awareness of letter-sound connections. In picture dictionaries, teachers can write out vocabulary words with children and use a picture or realia (e.g., an object) to visually represent the words.
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Tip Sheet: Picture Dictionary PreK-TK

This resource describes how to build picture dictionaries with children to help them identify letters and develop an awareness of letter-sound connections. In picture dictionaries, teachers can write out vocabulary words with children and use a picture or realia (e.g., an object) to visually represent the words.
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Tip Sheet: ABC Chant

This resource describes how to create ABC chants using word cards with children to help them identify letters and develop an awareness of letter-sound connections. This resource also includes photo examples of word cards that teachers can use with children.
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