Assessment

10F) Second language acquisition

Make an effort to study and understand the process of second language acquisition to help assess and monitor language development to determine if ML children are making appropriate progress

Video: Relationships, Strategies & Culture

The focus of this video is to exemplify how purposeful oral language interactions contribute to a positive relationship with both children and families in early education. The teacher in this video "reaches across the language divide" to ensure both the child and parents know that the home language is respected and valued.
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Video: The Stages of Preschool Second Language Acquisition

In this video, the term the four stages of second language development for early education are described and then exemplified through teaching vignettes between one teacher and one Korean-speaking Multilingual Learner.
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Website: Teaching For Biliteracy

This website is a learning community hub about biliteracy with content available in English and Spanish. Resources include a long-standing blog with many posts about all aspects of biliteracy, and articles on the research and pedagogies associated with biliteracy.
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Website Article: Celebrating Our Linguistic Strengths

This article offers teachers the research base and findings on the benefits of bilingualism and biliteracy.
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Blog: Should Multimodalities be Incorporated into Testing and Assessment?

This blog introduces research that challenges the idea of written text as the mode of communication for comprehending written language and assessing Multilingual Learners. Suggestions for alternative assessment, attending to all domains of English, are offered.
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Strategy Overview: Dual Language Instruction Assessment Rubrics

This collection of rubrics can support new and experienced dual language teachers reflect on their teaching practice and design meaningful instruction for Multilinugal Learners.
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Video: Dual Language Programs Explained

In this video, researcher Diane August reviews the research base and benefits of bilingual education.
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Webinar: Engaging ELD Resources to Maximize English Learner Student and Parent Access

This webinar digs deep into the California English Language Roadmap recommendations for English Language Development (ELD). Example components of ELD, like creating access to content, offering the language students are expected to use, and sharing knowledge about how "English works" are shared. Considerations for specific Multilingual Learner typologies and proficiency levels are also reviewed.
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Video: Assessment for English Learners

Teachers at an immersion school in Arlington, VA discuss how they use iterative assessment cycles to inform their instruction.
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Video: Using an ELD Portfolio to Guide Instruction and Monitor Progress

In this video, a first-grade teacher talks through her thinking as she uses an ELD portfolio for Multilingual Learners in her class. She discusses how a portfolio helps guide her instruction and determine language supports for students.
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Online Course: Connecting the Dots for DLLs Throughout the Preschool Day

In this 2.5 hour free online course, teachers learn how to create a language-rich preschool environment to support multilingualism in preschool.
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Online Course: Supporting Dual Language Learners Right from the Start

In this 4.5 hour free online course, teachers learn research-based practices to support the development of multilingualism in preschool.
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Blog: More Meaningful Assessment for DLLs

This blog offers a quick overview of why assessment is so critical for instruction with Multilingual Learners, including assessment in the home language(s) and understanding of language development. This resource is full of other relevant links.
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Video: Practical and Proven Strategies for Teaching Young DLLs

In this video, Dr. Linda Espinosa and coaches from the Language Learning Project provide an overview of research-based strategies for supporting Multilingual Learners in preschool classrooms. They describe the benefits of bilingualism and bilingual education, how to partner with families to support language skills, and provide examples of instructional strategies to use in classrooms to build Multilingual Learners' home languages and English. In this video, you’ll also hear from other California educators about the best practices they use in their programs.
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Online Module: Teaching English Language Learners-Effective Instructional Practices

This is an online professional development module for teachers on second language acquisition and instructional practices for Multilingual Learners.
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Article: Assessing Young Dual Language Learners

This article introduces ideas for formative assessment, as well as key questions for teachers to ask themselves when assessing Multilingual Learners. The third page of the article offers five practical ways that teachers can develop their own assessment skills.
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Website Article: Young Dual Language Learners-Screening and Assessment

The objective of this article and accompanying video is to focus on Multilingual Learners and "understand some of the unique considerations that educators must keep in mind when screening and assessing."
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Flyer: Identifying English Learners with Disabilities

This flyer offers three evidence-based recommendations on how to recognize when Multilingual Learners may have a learning disability. Additional links are offered to learn more about supporting Multilingual Learners with disabilities.
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